Knowing about wound care treatment is extremely important for each one of us as you or your loved ones may get hurt anytime in daily life. Certain basic knowledge about treating common wounds is very useful, especially when it comes to facing situations when someone has suffered an injury due to an accident on street or cuts and bruises; the victim needs to be taken to a clinic. However, certain elementary treatment can definitively be provided which helps preventing septicemia and other complications later on. Let us discuss a few ways of treating certain common wounds and types of dressings they need.
Wound care treatment is all about bandaging or dressing the wound with the help of dry and wet bandages to protect the wound from infection and further harm.
The first thing that you need to do is disinfect your hands right away. This can be done by washing hands properly with a good soap and putting a pair of gloves on. After you have done so, the next thing you need to do very meticulously is to gather all the things you need for dressing the wound so that you do not miss anything during the process of dressing. All you need is normal (0.9%) saline (please make sure that the expiry date has not passed), 4×4 and 3×3 gauzes, tapes and various sterile applications and a plastic bag.
After you have gathered all these, the actual wound care treatment gets under way. Use a clean surface (a clean piece of cloth or wax paper) and keep all these stuffs together in the order you will need them.
Now, take each of those dry smaller gauzes and fluff them. Note that it is a lot easier to fluff the gauzes rather than when you have poured saline on them. Here you need to be careful not to touch any other thing that is not placed on the wax paper or the piece of cloth.
Now, it’s time to pour the saline water on the fluffed gauzes and on the two small gauzes which are unfolded. After you have poured the water, it is time to unfold them. However, do not ruffle the four or five 4 x 4 gauzes kept on the top as they will form the top layer and keeping them in order will also help you to place them over the wet gauze with much ease in a single piece rather than trying to place each of them discretely. The first stage of wound care treatment is over!
Now, it’s time to wash your hands and put another pair of gloves. Start removing the dressing very slowly and carefully. Put one of the fingers of left hand on the skin and draw out the tape up and away off the skin and simultaneously with the other hand, keep on moving the tape along its edges till the topmost part is off. Repeat the same thing with both the sides and pieces of the tape.
Now, you are into the last part of wound care treatment. Take the inner packing off. However, make sure all the gauzes you had put have been taken out. Drop these used gauzes into the plastic bag after you have rolled the gauzes into a ball along with the gloves. Now it’s time to see the wound bed properly. Make sure there is no sign of infection like redness, swelling, signs of pus formation and so on. Ask the person whether he or she is feeling any acute pain as pain can be a hint of infection. Stroke the surrounding areas of the wound gently to dry them up. Wash your hands and put a fresh pair of gloves on and start redressing. Now take the bundle of small gauzes which are already fluffed and, slowly and carefully fill the wound bed with them one by one. Never pack the wound hard or force the gauze in. Simply guff them back and forth till the wound is filled up completely. Once you have done that put tapes across the gauzes and you are done with the whole process.